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Q&A: Ham’s Line and Slavery

Ham fisted

Question: It seems that Genesis 9-10 teaches that everyone descends from the lines of Shem, Ham, or Japheth. It seems that people of colour are associated with Ham’s line. Why does Noah curse Canaan (Ham’s son) rather than Ham who sinned against him? What is the relationship between the oppression of people of colour (e.g. in slavery and Apartheid) and this curse?